Special operations (SO) encompass the use of small units in direct or indirect military actions focused on strategic or operational objectives. These actions require units with combinations of specialized personnel, equipment, and tactics that exceed the routine capabilities of conventional military forces. SO are characterized by certain attributes that cumulatively distinguish them from conventional operations. SO are often politically sensitive missions where only the best-equipped and most proficient forces must be deployed to avoid detection and possible mission failure.
This multi-Service tactics, techniques, and procedures (MTTP) publication provides a comprehensive reference for commanders and staffs at the operational and tactical levels with standardized techniques and procedures to assist in planning and executing operations requiring integration of conventional forces and special operations forces (CF/SOF) occupying the same operational environment (OE). This MTTP publication serves as a reference to ensure coordinated multi-Service operations for CF/SOF integration and interoperability (I&I) in order to generate timely actions and increased opportunities while reducing the potential for fratricide. The guidance provided in this publication addressing command and control, maneuver, fire support, and force capabilities fills a doctrinal void and provides a single source document that will enhance effectiveness and improve inter-Service coordination.
This manual provides guidance for training Army special operations forces (ARSOF) personnel in the techniques of animal pack transport and for organizing and operating pack animal units. It captures some of the expertise and techniques that have been lost in the United States (U.S.) Army over the last 50 years. The chapters on care, feeding, and veterinary medicine compose a considerable portion of the manual; however, this material is not intended as a substitute for veterinary expertise nor will it make a veterinarian out of the reader. ARSOF personnel must have a rudimentary knowledge of anatomy and physiology, common injuries, diseases (particularly of the feet), feeding, and watering to properly care for the animals and to avoid abusing them from overloading or overworking.