1994 Bilderberg Meeting Participant List

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Helsinki, Finland
June 2-5 1994

Peter Carrington
Former Chairman of the Board, Christie’s Intl. plc.; Former Secretary General of NATO

Honorary Secretary-General for Europe and Canada:
Victor Halberstadt
Professor of Public Economics, University of Leiden, Netherlands

Honorary Secretary-General for U.S.A.:
Casimir A. Yost
Director, Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington

IGiovanni AgnelliChairman, Fiat S.p.A.
IUmberto AgnelliChairman, IFIL
SFKrister AhlstromPresident and CEO, Ahlstrom Group
SFEsko AhoPrime Minister
SFMartti AhtisaariPresident of the Republic of Finland
USAPaul A. AllaireChairman, Xerox Corporation
TRAli Hikmet AlpAmbassador, Permanent Representative of Turkey to the CSCE
IAlfredo AmbrosettiChairman, Ambrosetti Group
USADwayne O. AndreasChairman, Archer-Daniels-Midland Company, Inc.
GRGerasimos ArsenisMinister of Defense
PFrancisco Pinto BalsemaoProfessor of Mass Communications, New University, Lisbon; Chairman, Sojornal Sarl; Former Prime Minister
SPercy BarnevikPresident and CEO, ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.
PJose Manuel Durao BarrosoMinister for Foreign Affairs
USADouglas J. BennetAssistant Secretary of State for International Organizations
SHans BergstromPolitical Editor, Dagens Nyheter
IFranco BemabeManaging Director, Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (ENI)
DCristoph BertramDiplomatic Correspondent, Die Zeit; former director, International Institute for Strategic Studies
NLErnst H. van der BeugelEmeritus Professor of International Relations, Leiden University; Former Honorary Secretary General of Bilderberg Meetings for Europe and Canada
TRSelahttin BeyazitDirector of Companies
CDNConrad M. BlackChairman, The Telegraph plc
DBirgit BreuelChairman, Treuhandanstalt
GRCosta CarrasDirector of Companies
EJaime Carvajal UrquijoChairman and General Manager, Iberfomento
IInnocenzo CipollettaDirector General, Confindustria
BWilly ClaesMinister of Foreign Affairs
USAE. Gerald CorriganFormer President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
USARamon C. CortinesChancellor, New York City Board of Education
CHFlavio CottiFederal Councilor and Minister for Foreign Affairs
GBPercy CradockFormer Ambassador to China; Former foreign policy adviser to the Prime Minister
USAKenneth W. DamMax Pam Professor of American and Foreign Law, University of Chicago Law School; Former Deputy Secretary of State
BEtienne DavignonChairman, Societe Generale de Belgique; Former Vice Chairman of the Commission of the EC
IMario DraghiDirector General, Ministry of the Treasury
CDNMarie-Josee Drouin Executive Director, Hudson Institute of Canada
FINGeorg Ehrnrooth President and CEO, Metra Corp.
DKUffe Ellemann-JensenMember of Parliament; Former Minister for Foreign Affairs
USAMike EspySecretary of Agriculture
FLaurent FabiusMember of Parliament; Former Prime Minister; Former Chairman of Parliament
USAJames J. FlorioFormer Governor of New Jersey
USAStephen Friedman Chairman, Goldman Sachs & Co.
USALouis V. Gerstner Jr. Chairman, IBM Corp.
USAKatharine Graham Chairman of the Executive Committee, the Washington Post Co.
FINSirkka Hamalainen Chairman of the Board, Bank of Finland
GBNicholas Henderson Former Ambassador to Poland, Germany, France and the U.S.
NLCor A.J. Herkstroter Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell
NWestye Hoegh Chairman of the board, Leif Hoegh & Co. AS; President, Norwegian Shipowners’ Association
USARobert E. HunterU.S. Representative to NATO
BJan Huyghebaert Chairman, Almanij-Krediebank Group
FINJaako Ihamuotila Chairman of the Board and CEO, Neste Corp.
FINJaakko Iloniemi Managing Director, Centre for Finnish Business and Policy Studies; Former Ambassador to the U.S.
LPierre Jaans General Manager, Institut Monetaire Luxembourgeois
FPhilippe Jaffre Chairman and CEO, Elf Aquitaine
FINMax JakobsonConsultant; Former Ambassador to the UN and Sweden
APeter JankowitschAmbassador to the OECD; Former Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs
USAVernon E. Jordan Jr. Senior Partner, Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld, LLP (Attorneys-at-Law)
USAHenry Kissinger Former Secretary of State; Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc.
GBAndrew Knight Chairman, News International plc
TRRahmi M. Koc Chairman of the Board of Directors, Koc Holding A.S.
FINJarl Kohler President, Finnish Forest Industries Federation
INTMax Kohnstamm Former Secretary General, Action Committee for Europe; Former President, European University Institute
DHilmar Kopper Spokesman of the Board of Managing Directors, Deutsche Bank A.G.
NLPieter Korteweg President and CEO, Robeco Group; Honorary Treasurer of Bilderberg Meetings
AMax Kothbauer Deputy Chairman, Creditanstalt-Bankverein
USAPeter F. Krogh Dean, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University
SStig Larsson President and Director General, Swedish Railways
FAndre Levy-Lang Chairman, Banque Paribas
NLRuud F.M. LubbersPrime Minister
CDNRoy MacLarenMinister for International Trade
USACharles W. Maynes Editor, Foreign Policy
CDNFrank McKennaPremier of New Brunswick
USADavid McLaughlin President, the Aspen Institute
FThierry de Montbrial Director, French Institute of International Relations, Professor of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique
IMario Monti Rector and Professor of Economics, Bocconi University, Milan
NLHer Majesty The Queen of the Netherlands
USAJoseph S. Nye Jr. Chairman, National Intelligence Council
ICEDavid OddssonPrime Minister
PLAndrzej OlechowskiMinister of Foreign Affairs
FINJorma Ollila President and CEO, Nokia Corp.
USAThomas R. PickeringU.S. Ambassador to Russia
CHDavid de Pury Chairman, BBC Brown Boveri Ltd. and Co-Chairman, ABB Asea Brown Boveri Group
FJean-Bernard RaimondMember of Parliament; Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
ERodrigo de Rato FigaredoParliamentary Leader of the Minority Group (Partido Popular)
USARozanne L. Ridgway Co-Chair, Atlantic Council of the United States; (Vice Director of the Office for Management and Budget of the White House)
USADavid Rockefeller Chairman, Chase Manhattan Bank International Advisory Committee
GBEric Roll President, S.G. Warburg Group plc
IRenato Ruggiero Executive Vice-Chairman, International Advisory Board, Fiat S.p.A.; Former Minister of Trade
DVolker RüheMinister of Defense
USARobert A. Scalapino Robson Research Professor of Government Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley
CHStephan Schmidheiny Chairman, ANOVA Holdings Ltd.; Former Chairman, Business Council for Sustainable Development
DJürgen E. Schrempp CEO, Daimler-Benz-Luft-und-Raumfahrt Holding AG
CHWolfgang Schurer Chairman, MS Management Service AG
USABrent ScowcroftFormer Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
DKToger Seidenfaden Editor-in-Chief, Politiken A/S
USAJack Sheinkman President, Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, AFL-CIO-CLC
USAGeorge Soros President, Soros Fund Management
EHer Majesty The Queen of Spain.
USAJames B. Steinberg Director of Policy Planning Staff, State Department
NThorvald Stoltenberg Co-Chairman, International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia; Former Minister for Foreign Affairs; Former Minister of Defense
DJurgen Strube Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors, BASF AG
IRLPeter D. Sutherland Director General, GATT; Former Member, Commission of the European Community; Former Chairman, Allied Irish Banks plc
GBJ. Martin Taylor Chief Executive, Barclays Bank plc
CDNWilliam Thorsell Editor, The Globe and Mail
PMiguel VeigaLawyer
FINGerhard M. H. Wendt President, Kone Corp.
CDNPeter G. WhiteChairman of Unimedia; Former Head of the Prime Minister’s office
USAJohn C. WhiteheadFormer Deputy Secretary of State
USAFrank G. Wisner Under Secretary for Policy, Department of Defense
USAJames D. Wolfensohn President and CEO, James D. Wolfensohn, Inc.
DOtto Wolff von Amerongen Chairman and CEO, Otto Wolff GmbH
USAPaul D. Wolfowitz Dean, SAIS, Johns Hopkins University
USAMortimer B. Zuckerman Editor, U.S. News and World Report
USAGrant F. Winthrop Partner, Milbank Winthrop & Co.
USAAlice Victor Executive Assistant, Rockefeller Financial Services, Inc.
In Attendance:
NLMaja Banck Executive Secretary, Bilderberg Meetings.
SFMirja Jarimo-Lehtinen Local Organizer, 1994.
CHMargrit Markstaller
USACharles W. Muller President, Murden & Co.; Adviser, American Friends of Bilderberg, Inc.


June 2-5, 1994 – Helsinki, Finland

I. Redefinition of the Atlantic relationship in a time of change

II. The changing face and perspective of America

III. Europe – Cohesion or Confusion?

IV. Economic instability ahead

V. Jobs, where are they and how will the West create them?

VI. The political changes of Islamic Fundamentalism

VII. Russia – How will its internal evolution affect its external behavior?

VIII. GATT: Risk ahead

IX. Current events: North Korea

X. China – The consequences of convulsion or stability

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